An easy to follow, step by step guide on how to build the perfect garden fence! Including some great tips and advice also material and equipments lists.

This step by step guide will hopefully answer some common questions such as;

  • What spacings do I need between my posts?
  • How deep should I dig the hole for post?
  • How wide should should the hole be for my post?
  • How to fix a post with concrete?
  • How do I fix the rails to my posts?
  • How do I clad my fence rails?   

Step 1: Measure and mark post spacings. 

  • Firstly, you need to decided your fence type. This can help determine the spacings of your posts. 
  • You then need to mark where your fence is going to be, using spray or even string. When this has been done you need to measure the length of the proposed fence length. 
  • We recommend for your post spacings to be 6 to 8 feet apart, please do try to keep these spacing accurate to help produce a perfect finished product.
  • Be sure to mark the spacings with something clear, spray paint is perfect! 

Step 2: Digging the marked spacings. 

  • Using the correct equipment at this stage and make thing a whole lot easier. We recommend using a hole digger and an excavator bar, with these tools digging the holes will seem light work!
  • We advise the width of the post hole to be 3 times the diameter of the post your using.
  • We also recommend the depth of the hole to be at least 1/3 to 1/2 of the fence height above the ground deep. 
  • Be sure to check if there is any underground obstacles, for example pipes.

Step 3: Fixing posts in place

  • We recommend to fill the bottom of the hole with at least 1 inch inch of hardcore, this will help with drainage and reduce chance of rotting.
  • You then need to position the post in the middle of the hole, adding the concrete mix following the instructions on the bag carefully. Ensuring you checking the level of the post continuously. 
  • It's a great idea to fix timber supports and bracing to hold the posts in place to sure the correct level. 
  • To achieve an outstanding finished looked of the fence it helps to leave roughly 1 inch free on the top of the hole, this is so you can be covered the top with with grass or soils so you don't see the concrete. 

Step 4: Fixing the rails for cladding.

  • After the concrete has set, you then need to remove all bracing and supports on the posts. 
  • The easiest way to attached rails to the post is the secure them on the face of the post. We also recommend at least two rails, both positioned 
  • It's also a good idea to have a gravel board along the bottom of the fence to help prevent rot and help resist against insects.
  • You then need to secure the rails onto the face of the post with large nails, we would recommend 2"-3", ensuring top strength. 
  • Ensuring to check the level throughout of the rails. 


Step 5: Fixing Cladding to rails. 

  •  After you have fitted all the rails securely, you can the start attaching the cladding to the rails.
  • Using 2"-3" nails or screws, carefully line up you cladding with your decided spacing ensuring it's are level and checking this continuously, for a satisfying finished product. Using a nail gun this job can be made extremely easy. 
  • We recommend 1"-2" nails or screws on both ends of the cladding to attached the cladding to the rails, this will ensure top strength. 
  • It's also a good idea to include gravel board at the bottom of your fence this helps prevent rot in the long run. We strongly advise you use all treated timber when a making a fence! 

Types of cladding for your fence

  • Oak Featheredge 
  • Red Cedar Featheredge 
  • Standard Rough Sawn 6"x1"

Premium Grade Fresh Sawn Oak Featheredge BoardsWestern Red Cedar Featheredge BoardsFeather Edge Fencing Treated Wood Close Board 150mm - L: 1.2m - pack of 20

Waney Edge 

  • Oak Waney Edge 
  • Larch Waney Edge 
  • Douglas Fir Waney Edge

Waney Edge Oak Cladding 150mm x 22mmWaney Edge Larch Cladding 150mm x 22mm


  • Oak 6"x1"
  • Red Cedar 6"x1"
  • Larch 6"x1"
  • Douglas Fir 6"x1"
  • Standard Rough Sawn 6"x1"

Premium Oak Cladding 150mm x 22mmWestern Red Cedar Cladding 150mm x 22mmLarch Cladding 150mm x 22mmDouglas Fir Cladding 150mm x 22mm - Ruby UK6" x 1" Pressure Treated Sawn Timber Boards - Ruby UK


  • Standard Rough Sawn 4"x1"
  • Other Material Available From Ruby UK 

Materials for building a fence all available from Ruby UK 

3" x 3" Square Treated Fence Posts - Ruby UKWestern Red Cedar Cladding 150mm x 22mmFencemate Fence Post Concrete Crete 20kg Bag Fast Set - Ruby UKSitemate Head Clout NailsDecking Screws - Ruby UK

Equipment  for building a fence all available from Ruby UK 

  • Drill or Nail Gun 
  • Post Hole Digger
  • Spray Paint
  • Level
  • Hammer
  • Tape Measure

    Sitemate Tape Measure- Various SizesSitemate® Post Hole Digging CrowbarPlasti-kote 4376 400ml Garden Games Spray Paint - WhiteImage result for hammer birkdale

    Please ensure to have the correct safety equipment when making a fence. 

    Oregon Q525250 Safety Glasses Yellow - Ruby UKDickies Mens Heavy Duty Super Grip Impact Glove Green Various Size GL01SG - Ruby UKJCB Mens Agpro Light Tan Dealer Soft Leather Boot Various Size AGPRO/LT - Ruby UKHusqvarna Chainsaw Ear Muffs - Ruby UK

    Thank you for reading our guide to how to build a fence. Please take a moment to view our full range of fence cladding.  If you need any more help, or if you would like a quote for any of our wooden gates please contact us by one of the below methods:

    Live Chat: Available between 8am and 5pm

    Phone: 01409231763